Japansk trädgård - en komplett guide & historia

Japanese Garden – A complete guide

In Japan, gardens are considered a very important part of the culture. There are many different
types of gardens, from small private ones in people’s homes to large public gardens. Japanese gardens are often lush and feature a variety of plants and flowers. There are a number of different styles of gardens, from the simple to the complex.

In this Japanese garden guide we will go over the most important types of Japanese gardens,
and explain how to create and design your own and how to care for them.

The history and types of Japanese gardens

Japan is home to numerous gardens, each with its own unique history and design. While the
types of gardens vary, they all share common features that reflect the culture and landscape of

History of Japanese gardens

The history of Japanese gardens is a long and intricate one, spanning many centuries. The first
gardens in Japan were actually created by the Chinese, who had a strong influence on
Japanese culture and art.

These early gardens were meant to be used primarily for contemplation and meditation and
were often quite simple in design. However, as time went on, the Japanese began to develop
their own unique style of garden design, which reflected their own culture and landscape.
From the early Heian period to the modern-day, Japanese gardens have been used as places of
relaxation and reflection. From humble beginnings as simple rice paddies, these gardens have
evolved into a complex and beautiful art form, prized by people all over the world.

Japanese gardens are reflective of the natural landscapes of Japan and often include features
such as ponds, streams, and hills.

The first Japanese gardens were created in the 6th century, and were used for religious
purposes. In the 14th century, the first Zen gardens were created, which featured gravel paths
and carefully placed stones. These gardens were designed to be welcoming spaces and
encouraged meditation.

Types of Japanese garden

One of the most well-known types of the Japanese garden is the Zen garden. These gardens
are typically designed using sand or gravel to represent water and use carefully-placed rocks to
symbolize mountains. The goal is to create a peaceful and meditative space.
Another popular type of garden is the tea garden. Tea gardens are typically smaller than other
types of Japanese gardens and are used for preparing and serving tea. They often include a
teahouse and a waterfall or stream.

Other popular types of Japanese gardens include rock gardens, courtyard gardens, and stroll

The features of a Japanese garden

A Japanese garden typically features a pond with a bridge. The ponds usually have different
colored fishes, which creates a unique environment.
For Japanese people, the garden is often considered to be an extension of the home, and is
used for relaxation and escape from the everyday world.

Japanese gardens will often feature waterfalls or water streams, a zen garden with raked sand
or gravel, and carefully placed rocks and plants. The gardens are designed to be peaceful
spaces so that people can reflect and meditate.

How to create your own Japanese Garden

There are many different ways to create a Japanese garden, but all of them share some
common elements. The first step is to choose a location.
The garden should be in an area that gets plenty of sunlight, but it should also be sheltered from
the wind. Next, you need to decide on the layout of the garden. Most Japanese gardens have a
few key features, such as a pond, a rock garden, and a bonsai tree. Make sure you design your
Japanese garden while considering the space you have available and the elements you want to

To capture the essence of Japan in your garden, try to use traditional Japanese plants and
design principles.

How to design a Japanese garden

The design of a Japanese garden is based on principles of harmony and balance. The garden
should be a place of tranquility, where visitors can escape from the stresses of everyday life. To
create a Japanese garden, you will need to consider the space you have available, the plants
you want to include, and accessories that will be used.

The layout of a Japanese garden should be simple and symmetrical. The garden should be
divided into two sections: the public area and the private area.
The art of designing the perfect Japanese garden is to create an aesthetically pleasing and
functional space.

The symbolism of a Japanese garden

A Japanese garden is typically an enclosed space with plants and features that are meant to
represent the natural world. The use of symbolism is prevalent in Japanese gardens, with each element representing a different aspect of nature.

For instance, a large rock may symbolize a mountain, While ponds may be used to represent
seas. The use of plants in a garden can also be symbolic, with certain species being used to
represent different aspects of nature.

The gardens are often designed to create the illusion of an open landscape, with views of
mountains or forests appearing through gaps in the foliage.

One of the main purposes of a Japanese garden is to act as a natural extension of the
surrounding landscape. In order to achieve this, the gardens are often designed using
symbolism that reflects the native flora and fauna.

The importance of the seasons in a Japanese garden

The seasons play an important role in Japanese gardens as they are used to reflect the natural
world and the changes that occur within it. Each season has its own unique features that are celebrated in various ways within the garden, such as the spring cherry blossom festival or the winter ice sculpture display.
In the spring, for example, there are pink cherry blossoms and fresh green plants. In the
summer, there are lush greenery and brightly-colored flowers. In the fall, there are beautiful red
leaves and in the winter, there is a blanket of snow.

The changing of the seasons also helps to create a sense of harmony and balance within the
garden, as well as providing a different perspective for visitors to enjoy at different times of the

The unique beauty of a Japanese garden

The most striking element that is found in nearly all Japanese gardens is the use of natural
materials to create an illusion of space and depth. Something that can be seen in even the
simplest garden.

Japanese gardens have some of the most peaceful, and inviting designs in outdoor spaces.
They are meant to make you feel relaxed and are a great space for you to meditate, and relax
after a long day. They are also easily built and you can even do it as a DIY project.

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    Maria Ljungström

    Maria Ljungström is the founder and writer at Inredningsvis.se. She is an expert in interior design and has worked as a home stylist with a solid background in interior decorating. Maria likes to offer tips on how to make your home beautiful and luxurious affordably. With Inredningsvis, she has participated in several well-known media outlets such as Expressen, DN, and has written for GP Bostad.

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